Search This Blog

Pharaonic Egypt

Ancient Egyptians civilization is the civilization that has in Egypt under the pharaohs of different families since the dawn of history until the Roman conquest of Egypt over 3000 years.
Brief history of ancient Egypt
Since 250 thousand years BC. M.In prehistoric Egypt was the habitatof primitive man, who hunt animalsin the area in the far south, when a heart is rich in grass
  Since 35 thousand years BC. M. This was the area of desertification, the rainfall stops, creating a farming communities in Egypt, Central and North Delta. The first Egyptian civilization in the region of Badari in Upper Egypt is based on agriculture, fishing and breeding birds, livestock, pottery and mining.
In the year 4000 BC. M. Irrigation systems have emerged and became small tribal kingdoms of Egypt and Upper Egypt was symbolized by his white crown of Lower Egypt and symbolizes a crown, and the Red King Menes united the two countries from the South since 3,200 years BC. M and made the capital of Memphis (Memphis). This standardization made ​​Egypt a safe country and its capital of Memphis and this is clear from the records of the many who kept them dry climate of the message will be reserved through the ages and the successive on papyrus
Stages of the history of Egypt
Ancient Egyptians
Achaemenid Egypt
Egypt, Greek and Romanian
Egypt Christian
Islamic Egypt
Mamluk Egypt
Ottoman Egypt
Upper Egypt Egyptian republic
Tuthmosis III was probably   Egypt's best warlord and one of the most powerful rulers of EgyptMentuhotep II (or   sometimes referred to as I) was the first ruler of Egypt's Middle   Kingdom

However, Menes might have also been a legendary composition of several rulers. After these first rulers of a unified Egypt, the Egyptian monarchy lasted in a recognizable form for over three thousand years, basically ending with Cleopatra, though even Roman emperors attempted to style themselves as Egyptian pharaohs. We know of 170 or more specific pharaohs during this period of time. Although many changes occurred during that time, almost all of the fundamentals remained the same
Kings were not only males, and unlike in modern monarchies, the ruler of ancient Egypt, whether male or female, was always called a king. In fact, Egypt had some very noteworthy female rulers such as Hatshepsut and others

In ancient (Pharaonic) Egypt, the pinnacle of Egyptian society, and indeed of religion, was the king. Below him were the layers of the educated bureaucracy which consisted of nobles, priests and civil servants, and under them were the great mass of common people, usually living very poor, agricultural based lives. Except during the earliest of themes, when the highest official was apparently a Chancellor, for most of Egyptian history, the man or men just under the king were Viziers, (tjaty), a position that was roughly similar to a modern Prime Minister
Seti I was the father of   Ramesses the Great, and also one of Egypt's most powerful rulers

The king himself (or herself) was the figure upon whom the whole administrative structure of the state rested. These god-kings usually commanded tremendous resources. The Pharaoh was the head of the civil administration, the supreme warlord and the chief priest of every god in the kingdom. All offerings were made in his name and the entire priesthood acted in his stead. In fact, he was himself a divine being, considered the physical offspring of a god. The myth of the ruler's divine birth centered on the god assuming the form of (or becoming incarnate in) the king's father, who then impregnated his wife, who accordingly bore the divine ruler.
Horemheb was a general   who became king of EgyptAkhenaten, who began his   kingship as Amenhotep IV, is one of the most curious rulers of ancient   Egypt

Even today, the power that an ancient Egyptian pharaoh commanded in ancient Egypt and the resources under his control can seem staggering. One need only think in terms of the Great Pyramids, the wealth of gold and the grand temples to gain some understanding of their power. They commanded resources that many modern day states would be hard pressed to emulate, and they did so at a time when much of the remainder of the ancient world were struggling for a foothold in history

No comments:

Post a Comment